Question: What Is The Most Common Cause Of Chronic Meningitis?

What is the most common cause of chronic meningitis quizlet?

The MOST common cause of meningitis in ADULTS.

Alcoholics, Individuals w/ chronis otitis (ear infections), sinusitis, and mastoiditis, and those with closed head injuries w/ CSF leaks..

Can you have meningitis for years?

Bacterial meningitis may be subacute rather than acute. Chronic meningitis develops slowly, over weeks or longer, and may last for months to years. Rarely, chronic meningitis causes only mild symptoms and resolves on its own.

What causes recurrent meningitis?

Recurrent viral meningitis (Mollaret’s) is meningitis that occurs more than once due to a viral infection. The current known causes of recurrent viral meningitis (Mollaret’s) are herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and epstein-barr virus (HHV-4).

How long can you have chronic meningitis?

Chronic meningitis is defined as meningeal inflammation that persists for more than 4 weeks, whereas acute meningitis lasts for less than 4 weeks. Recurrent meningitis involves the occurrence of multiple acute episodes, each of which is less than 4 weeks in duration.

What causes chronic meningitis?

Slow-growing organisms (such as fungi and Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that invade the membranes and fluid surrounding your brain cause chronic meningitis. Chronic meningitis develops over two weeks or more.

Can meningitis flare up again?

Recurrent meningitis may also be caused by conditions that are not infections (see table Some Causes of Noninfectious Meningitis), such as use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or another drug. If one episode of meningitis was caused by a drug, meningitis may recur if people take the drug again.

Would I know if I had meningitis?

The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion. Septicaemia can occur with or without meningitis.

How can you test for meningitis at home?

The meningitis glass testPress the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.Spots/rash may fade at first.Keep checking.Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.

How do you treat chronic meningitis?

Treatment for chronic meningitis is based on the underlying cause. Antifungal medications treat fungal meningitis, and a combination of specific antibiotics can treat tuberculous meningitis.

Can meningitis cause long term problems?

Most people make a full recovery from meningitis, but it can sometimes cause serious long-term problems and can be life threatening.

What happens if meningitis is left untreated?

If left untreated, the infection can cause brain damage or even death. Antibiotics can usually eliminate the bacteria. Still, about 10 to 15 percent of cases result in death even when antibiotics are used. Among people who recover, 11 to 19 percent will experience long-term complications.

Where does your head hurt with meningitis?

Usually headache is the predominant symptom, but fever is also usually present and the neck is stiff. Bending the neck forward greatly aggravates the pain. The headache is generalized all over the head.

What time of year is meningitis most common?

Bacterial meningitis is known to peak during the dry season in the African meningitis belt, a group of countries in sub-Saharan Africa that have the highest incidence of bacterial meningitis.

How long can you have meningitis without knowing?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.

What part of the neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.